The following material is available from libraries, publishers, institutions or on the worldwide web. Superscripts indicate a source for ordering from the address list at the end of this publication.
Blom, T., C. Fisher, F. Ingratta, W. Jarvis, T. Papadopoulos, J. Potter, I. Smith, W. Straver, and H. Tiessen. 1989. Growing greenhouse vegetables. Pub. 526. Ontario Ministry of Agriculture and Food, Parliament Bldgs., Toronto, Ontario, Canada.1
Greenhouse Tomato Handbook. http://www.msucares.com/pubs/pub1828.htm
Hickman, G. 1998. Commercial Greenhouse Vegetable Handbook. University of California Publication 21575. 24 p. $5.00.23
Hochmuth, G. 1990. Greenhouse vegetable production handbook. Volumes 1-3. Circulars 46-48. Florida Cooperative Extension Service, C. M. Hinton, ($6.00 charge for volumes 1-2, $15.00 for Volume 3).2,17
Hochmuth, G. 1993. Production of Florida greenhouse vegetables in rockwool: Greenhouse design and crop management. Cooperative Extension Service. Bulletin SP110, 24 pp. ($2.50 charge).2
Jensen, M.H and A.J. Malter. Protected Agriculture, A Global Review. 1995. World Bank Technical Paper Number 253. World Bank, 1818 H. Street, N.W. Washington, DC, 20433, USA. $25.00 General information about protected agriculture, including mulches, row covers, and greenhouses with an emphasis on arid and cool climates.
Maynard, D.A., G. J. Hochmuth and J.E. Knott. 1997. Knott's handbook for vegetable growers. 4th edition, Wiley. New York. , 582 p. See Pt. 2, Plant Growing and Greenhouse Vegetable Production.17
Nelson, P. V. 1998. Greenhouse operation and management. Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River, N.J. 5th Edition.
Schales, F. D. 1982. Greenhouse production of vegetable plants. ARS-USDA, Proceedings, Misc. Publ. No. 1422. 4 pp.6
Wittwer, S.H. and S. Honma.1979. Greenhouse tomatoes, lettuce, and cucumbers. East Lansing : Michigan State University Press.17
Construction and Design
Mississippi State: Bulletin on Environmental Control for Greenhouse Tomatoes: http://www.msucares.com/pubs/pub1879.htm
Florida Greenhouse design: http://hammock.ifas.ufl.edu/txt/fairs/ae/1596.html
West Virginia University/University of Maryland: Planning and Building a Greenhouse: http://www.wvu.edu/~agexten/hortcult/greenhou/building.htm; Greenhouse Construction and Cost Estimates http://www.wvu.edu/~agexten/hortcult/greenhou/grencons.htm
Acme Engineering. Greenhouse Climate Control Handbook. $5.00.21
Aldrich, R.A. and J. W. Bartok, Jr. Northeast Regional Agricultural Engineering Service. 1994. Greenhouse Engineering. $30.00 NRAES-33. 212 p. Contains information needed to plan, construct, and control the commercial greenhouse, including various structures, methods of materials handling, the greenhosueenvironment and energy conservation. Also includes plans for non-commercial greenhouses, access for the handicapped and remodeling. Appendices on conversion tables, worksheets for calculations, and sources of materials and contractors.4,20
Bartok, J.W., Jr. 1994. Information and plans for greenhouse/nursery operations. SEG-29. List of dozens of short publications on various aspects of greenhouse engineering. Most available free or for nominal charge.20
Blom, T. J., W. A. Straver, and F. J. Ingratta. 1984. Carbon dioxide in greenhouses. Factsheet, Order No. 84-026, AGDEX 290/27. Ministry of Agriculture and Food, Parliament Bldgs., Toronto, Ontario, Canada.1
Blom, T. J., W. Brown and J. Hughes. 1991. Greenhouses. Pub. 40, Ministry of Agric. and Food, Parliament Bldgs., Toronto, Ontario, Canada.1
Boyette, M. D. 1993. Producing tobacco transplants in greenhouses. North Carolina Cooperative Extension ServiceAG-488-4.14
Boyette, M. D. and T. E. Bilderback. 1996. http://www.bae.ncsu.edu/programs/extension/publicat/postharv/green/small_greenhouse.pdf A small backyard greenhouse for the home gardener. North Carolina Cooperative Extension Service. AG-426.14
Duncan, G. A., J. N. Walker and L. W. Turner. 1981. Energy for greenhouses. Part 1: Energy conservation. No. AEES-16. Cooperative Extension Service, Univ. Kentucky, Lexington and Kentucky Dept. Energy.3
Koths, J.S. and J. W. Bartok, Jr. 1986. Horizontal air flow 85-14 8 p. $1.50.20
Northeast Regional Agricultural Engineering Service. Eds. T.C. Weiler and M. Sailus. 1996. Water and Nutrient Management for Greenhouses. NRAES-56. 102 p. General crop needs, balancing nutrient applications with crop demand, and the units used in measuring fertilizer quantities. How to use a fertilizer proportioner. 53 tables and 15 figures. $20.004,20
Roberts, W. J. 1997. Environmental Control of Greenhouses. Rutgers E213. 16 p. $5.00.21
Roberts, W. J. Movable thermal insulation for greenhouses. Rutgers $1.00.21
Roberts, W. J., Bartok, J. W., Jr. et al. Northeast Regional Agricultural Engineering Service. 1989. Energy conservation for commercial greenhouses. NRAES-3. 42 p. Helps operators evaluate management options and reduce energy costs. The effects of windbreaks and structure orientation on energy use, the properties of various glazing materials, and the benefits and drawbacks of retractable blankets and other insulation systems are explained. ($6.00).4,20
Roberts, W.J. Soil heating systems for greenhouse production. Rutgers E207. $4.00.21
Stipanuk, D.M. 1984. Comparing heating fuel costs, FS-12. 2 p. $0.25. Greenhouse fuel oil requirements (SEG-8) also available. 2 p.20
Voorberg, R. and D. Gallagher. 1983. Greenhouse heating with wood waste. Order No. 83-092, AGDEX 290/717. Ministry of Agric. and Food, Parliament Bldgs., Toronto, Ontario, Canada.1
Walker, J. N. and G. A. Duncan. 1973. Air circulation in greenhouses. No. AEN-18. Dept. Agric. Engr., Univ. Kentucky, Lexington.3
Walker, J. N. and G. A. Duncan. 1973. Cooling greenhouses. No. AEN-28. Dept. Agric. Engr., Univ. Kentucky, Lexington.3
Walker, J. N. and G. A. Duncan. 1973. Estimating greenhouse ventilation requirements. No. AEN-9. Dept. Agric. Engr., Univ. Kentucky, Lexington.3
Walker, J. N. and G. A. Duncan. 1973. Estimating heating requirements and fuel costs. No. AEN-8. Dept. Agric. Engr., Univ. Kentucky, Lexington.3
Walker, J. N. and G. A. Duncan. 1973. Greenhouse humidity control. No. AEN-19. Dept. Agric. Engr., Univ. Kentucky, Lexington.3
Walker, J. N. and G. A. Duncan. 1974. Greenhouse heating systems. AEN-31. Dept. Agric. Engr. Univ. Kentucky, Lexington.3
Walker, J. N. and G. A. Duncan. 1974. Greenhouse location and orientation. Misc. 397. Cooperative Extension Service, Univ. Kentucky, Lexington.3
Walker, J. N. and G. A. Duncan. 1974. Greenhouse ventilation systems. No. AEN-30. Dept. Agric. Engr., Univ. Kentucky, Lexington.3
Walker, J. N. and G. A. Duncan. 1979. Greenhouses benches. No. AEN-13. Dept. Agric. Engr., Univ. Kentucky, Lexington.3
Walker, J. N. and G. A. Duncan. 1973. Greenhouse structures. No. AEN-12. Dept. Agric. Engr., Univ. Kentucky, Lexington.3
Walker, J. N. and G. A. Duncan. 1974. Painting greenhouses and equipment. No. AEN-14. Dept. Agric. Engr., Univ. Kentucky, Lexington.3
Walker, J. N. and G. A. Duncan. 1987. Rigid-frame greenhouse construction. No. AEN-15. Dept. Agric. Engr., Univ. Kentucky, Lexington.3
Willits, D.H. 1994. Misting External Shade Cloths. Part I (April 1994) and Part II (December 1994 p. 1-5) NC Flower Growers' Bulletin Vol. 39#6. Part II is available from the North Carolina Commercial Flower Growers' Association Homepage: http://NCCFGA.org
Wulster et al. Starting in the greenhouse business. Rutgers E169. $4.00.21
Hydroponics (See also Nutrition in Substrate Culture)
Florida State: http://hammock.ifas.ufl.edu/txt/fairs/17665 (general rather than technical information)
Michigan State: http://www.msue.msu.edu/msue/imp/mod03/03900048.html (general rather than technical information)
Colorado State: (general rather than technical information) (see Ells et al. below for print version): http://www.colostate.edu/Depts/CoopExt/PUBS/GARDEN/07216.pdf.
University of Arizona: http://ag.arizona.edu/PLS/faculty/MERLE.html and http://ag.arizona.edu/hydroponictomatoes/hydroframe.htm
Commercial sites: http://www.hydroponics.com/index.htm; http://www.viasub.net/IUWF/13.html
For a serious study of the literature on hydroponics, the National Agricultural Library has compiled Hydroponics-Nutrient Film Technique, QB92-43 in their Quick Bibliography series. Send this title, the series # and a self-addressed gummed label to: USDA National Agricultural Library, Public Services Division, Room 111, Beltsville, MD 20705.
Ells, J. E., J. D. Butler, J. J. Hanan and W. D. Holley. 1991. Hydroponics - growing plants without soil. Cooperative Extension Service, Colorado State Univ. Factsheet, 7.616. 2 pp.8 This document is also available on the web using Adobe Acrobat Reader: http://www.colostate.edu/Depts/CoopExt/PUBS/GARDEN/07216.pdf
FAO. Soilless Culture for Horticultural Crop Production. FAO Plant Production and Protection Paper 101. 1990. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Rome, Italy.
Gerber, J. M. 1985. Hydroponics. Cooperative Extension Service. Univ. of Illinois. Factsheet, VC-19-82. 4 pp.9
Hall, David A. Role of perlite in hydroponic culture. Perlite Plant Guide 9. Perlite Institute, Inc., 600 South Federal, Chicago, IL 60605.19
Jones, J. B. 1997. Hydroponics: a practical guide for the soilless grower. St. Lucie Press, Boca Raton, FLA. 230 p.
Lamont, Jr., W. J. and C. W. Marr. 1994. Hydroponic systems. Cooperative Extension Service. Kansas State Univ. Bulletin MF-1169. 11 pp.10
Leonhardt, K. W. and W. W. McCall. 1982. Hydroponics. Cooperative Extension Service. Univ. of Hawaii. Factsheet, GHGS-35. 4 pp.11
Linardakis, D.K. and B.I. Manios. Hydroponic culture of strawberries in perlite. Perlite Plant guide 12. Perlite Institute,Inc. 88 New Dorp Plaza, Staten Island,N.Y. 10306.19
Marlow, D.H. 1993. Greenhouse Crops in North America: A Practical Guide to Stonewool Culture. Douglas H. Marlow, Grodania A/S, 415 Industrial Dr., Milton, ON, Canada.
Mason, J. 1990. Commercial hydroponics. Kangaroo Press, Kent., NSW, Australia. 172 p.16
Molyneux, C.J. A practical guide to N.F.T.17
Muckle, M. E. Hydroponic Nutrients - Easy Ways to Make Your Own, 3rd Ed. by: M Edward Muckle. Plant nutrition and nutrient formulation. Easy to read with a simple method of making your own plant food.
Resh, H.M. 1995. Hydroponic food production: a definitive guidebook of soilless food-growing methods. 5th ed.Woodridge Press Pub. Co. Santa Barbara, CA. The classic standard book for advanced hobby or novice commercial hydroponics. Covers all information needed for the basic understanding ofcommercial hydroponic production. 527 p. Often available in public and university libraries.16,17
Ross, J. Hydroponic Tomato Production. 208 p. $39.95. order from: Bio Logic Technologies, P. O. Box 900909, San Jose, CA 95170, phone 408-873-1619 fax 408-873-1610.
Schwarz, M. 1995. Soilless culture management. Advanced Series in Agriculture, vol. 24, Springer-Verlag. Berlin, NY 197 p.
Hydroponics Society of America. Hydroponics Curriculum (Study Guide for schools)17
Nutrition in Substrate Culture (see also Hydroponics)
Bennett, W. F. (ed.) 1993. Nutrient deficiencies and toxicities in crop plants. APS Press, Inc. St. Paul, MN. 202 pp.18
Fonteno, W.C., P.V. Nelson, and D.A. Bailey. 1996. Testing Procedures for Bedding Plants. P. 1-11. NC Flower Growers Bulletin April 1996 Vol 41#2. Available at the NC Commercial Flower Growers' Association Homepage: http://NCCFGA.org
Fonteno, W.C., Bailey, D.A. and P.V. Nelson. 1995. Properties of Greenhouse Substrates. N.C. Flower Growers Bulletin. August 1995. Vol 40#4 p. 3-8. Accessible from the North Carolina Commercial Flower Growers' Association Homepage: http://NCCFGA.org
Fonteno, W.C., P.V. Nelson and D.A. Bailey. 1996. Testing Procedures for Bedding Plants. NC Flower Growers' Bulletin April 1996 Vol 41#2 p. 1-11. Accessible from the North Carolina Commercial Flower Growers' Association Homepage: http://NCCFGA.org
Commercial Floriculture Information Leaflets # 553 Managing Micronutrients in the greenhouse; #560 Submission Procedures for Root Substrate, Water, Fertilizer Solution and Plant Tissue Samples (Also available in the Feb. 1998 issue of the NC Commerical Flower Growers' Bulletin); #558 Alkalinity Control for Irrigation Water Used in Nurseries and Greenhouses. All available in PDF or HTML from: www.ces.ncsu.edu/depts/hort/hil/flowers-index.htmlLeaflets Listed by Topic.
North Carolina Commercial Flower Growers Bulletin has many topics of interest including prevention of pollution from greenhouses and potential future regulation in NC. See the April 1998 issue (Vol 43#2) on "The Neuse Starts Here"(p. 1-5) and "Greenhouse BMP's: Not Just for Breakfast Anymore" (p. 7-10). All issues are available at the Association Homepage: http://NCCFGA.org
Reed, D.J. 1996. (Ed.) A Grower's Guide to Water, Media, and Nutrition for Greenhouse Crops. Ball Publishing Co., Batavia, Ill. This comprehensive 324-page volume draws upon the knowledge of 10 university, extension, and industry experts. Information included: sampling, testing, and interpretation of water, media, and plant tissue samples; greenhouse recirculating water systems; recycling water in a nursery / greenhouse; and plant micro and macronutrients. The book price is $55 can be purchased from Ball Publishing by calling 708-208-9080.
The Greenhouse & Processing Crops Research Centre in Harrow, Ontario, Canada: http://res.agr.ca/harrow/. There are links to other greenhouse, hydroponic and horticulture information. An excellent production bulletin, Growing greenhouse tomatoes in soil and soilless media, is on-line and can be downloaded: http://res.agr.ca/harrow/bk/toma99.htm
Oregon State University: http://www.orst.edu/Dept/NWREC/tomatogh.html
Mississippi State University: Greenhouse Tomato Frequently Asked Questions: http://220.127.116.11/crops/comhort/greenhouse.html
North Carolina State University: http://www.ces.ncsu.edu/depts/hort/hil/
University of Arizona: Growing Tomatoes Hydroponically http://ag.arizona.edu/hydroponictomatoes. Information on greenhouses, growing media, pollination, pests, nutrient solutions, CO2 enrichment, marketing, publications and links. Also contains interactive pruning quiz. Excellent site for hydroponics information.
Rutgers: Single Truss Tomato Production http://nj-nscort.rutgers.edu/visitor/tps/index.html
American Society for Horticultural Science, 1995. Proceedings of the Greenhouse Tomato Seminar. 3-4 August. Montreal, Quebec Canada. 52 p. ($25.00) Available from ASHS Press, 600 Cameron Street, Alexandria VA 22314-2562. website: http://www.ashs.org/ Phone: 703-836-4606 and 703-836-2024 (Fax) Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Cotter, D. J. and R. E. Gomez. 1982. Greenhouse tomato production pointers. New Mexico State Univ. Fact Sheet 400 H-11. 5 pp.12
Gardner, R. G. 1992. Summary of 1988-1992 spring greenhouse trials. Fletcher, NC.13 See also list of current greenhouse cultivars on DeRuiter website: http://www.deruiterusa.com/vtomatoes.html
Hochmuth, R. C., G. J. Hochmuth, and C. W. Morrison. 1990. Evaluation of seven greenhouse tomato cultivars for production and quality in North Florida in 1989 to 1990 season. Horticultural Sciences Dept., University of Florida, Gainesville, FL. ($14.00)2
Hydro-Gardens. Greenhouse Tomato Instruction & Plant Culture Manual ($20.00)17
Ross, J. Hydroponic Tomato Production. 208 p. $39.95. order from: Bio Logic Technologies, P. O. Box 900909, San Jose, CA 95170, phone 408-873-1619 fax 408-873-1610.
Snyder, R.G. 1997. Greenhouse Tomato Handbook. Publ. 1828 Mississippi State University. 26 p.5
Wilcox, G. E. 1987. Growing greenhouse tomatoes in the nutrient film hydroponic system. Cooperative Extension Service, Purdue Univ. Factsheet, HO-167. 4 pp. ($1.00 charge).15
Kansas State: http://www.oznet.ksu.edu/library/hort2/mf2075.pdf
The Harrow Research Station: http://res.agr.ca/harrow/bk2/cuke-toc.htm
Khosla, S. K., W. R. Jarvis, and A. P. Papadopoulos. 1988. Gummy stem blight of greenhouse cucumbers. Factsheet, Order No. 88-065, AGDEX 292/685, Ministry of Agric. and Food, Parliament Bldgs., Toronto, Ontario, Canada.1
Papadopoulos, A. P. Growing greenhouse seedless cucumbers in soil and in soilless media. Research Centre Harrow, Ontario, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada Publication 1902/E.7 This publication is available on the web: http://res.agr.ca/harrow/bk2/cuke-toc.htm
Straver, W. A. 1983. Growing European seedless cucumbers. Factsheet, Order No. 83-006, AGDEX 292/21, Ministry of Agric. and Food, Parliament Bldgs., Toronto, Ontario, Canada.1
Fisher, J. C. and J. K. Muehmer. 1978. Greenhouse lettuce production. Factsheet Order No. 78-001 AGDEX 293/13, Ministry of Agriculture and Food, Parliament Bldgs., Toronto, Ontario, Canada.1
Wilcox, G.E. 1985. Lettuce growing in the nutrient film system. Cooperative Extension Service, Purdue Univ. Fact Sheet, HO-169. 4 pp. (minimal charge).15
Arizona Biological Control, Inc.: Supplier of beneficial insects and organic fertilizers. http://www.usit.net/hp/bionet/ARBICO.html
Beneficial insectary home page http://www.insectary.com/
Biological Control Virtual Information Center: http://ipmwww.ncsu.edu/biocontrol/biocontrol.html The greenhouse site includes a table of biocontrols and how to use them. Choose "Where can biological control be used?" on the home page.
Cornell Univ. Biological Control: Guide to Natural Enemies in North America: http://www.nysaes.cornell.edu/ent/biocontrol/
Koppert Biological Systems: http://www.koppert.nl (see link in upper left to English version)
Maryland Greenhouse IPM site: http://www.agnr.umd.edu/users/ipmnet/ (images of silverleaf and greenhouse whiteflies and thrips control)
Mississippi State: Greenhouse Tomatoes: Pest Management in Mississippi http://www.msucares.com/pubs/pub1861.htm
NC State Extension Entomology: http://www.ces.ncsu.edu/depts/ent/extent.htm See also Key to Whiteflies http://ipmwww.ncsu.edu/INSECT_ID/AG136/whitfly.html Insect Screening http://www.ces.ncsu.edu/depts/ent/notes/Ornamentals_and_Turf/production_contents/104.html and Biocontrol in Closed Systems http://www.ces.ncsu.edu/depts/ent/notes/Ornamentals_and_Turf/production_contents/103.html
Ohio Bulletin on Greenhouse Insect Control: http://www.ag.ohio-state.edu/~ohioline/b672/b672_33.html
Penn State College of Agricultural Sciences Perspectives http://www.cas.psu.edu/docs/CASHOME/PROGPER/GREENHOUSE.HTML
The Biological Control of Pests Research Unit http://rsru.tamu.edu/bcpru/bcpru.htm
The Bugstore http://www.bugstore.com/
Univ. of California Integrated Pest Management Project: whitefly http://axp.ipm.ucdavis.edu/PHENOLOGY/encarsia.html
University of California Statewide Integrated Pest Management Project http://www.ipm.ucdavis.edu/PMG/PESTNOTES/pn002.html
Virtual Center for Integrated Pest Management: http://ipmwww.ncsu.edu/cipm/
West Virginia University/Rutgers: Sticky Board Traps for Greenhouses http://www.wvu.edu/~agexten/hortcult/greenhou/fs638.htm and Greenhouse Screening for Insect Control http://www.wvu.edu/~agexten/hortcult/greenhou/fs640.htm
Anon. 1990. Pest management recommendations for Ontario greenhouse crops. 290/ Pub. 365. Ministry of Agriculture and Food, Parliament Bldgs, Toronto, Ontario, Canada (CAUTION: CHEMICAL RECOMMENDATIONS NOT APPLICABLE FOR NC)1
Anon. 1990. Greenhouse Vegetable Seeding: Protocol for Managing Thrips and Tomato. 90-054. Ministry of Agriculture and Food, Parliament Bldgs, Toronto, Ontario, Canada (CAUTION: CHEMICAL RECOMMENDATIONS NOT APPLICABLE FOR NC).1
Applied Bio-Nomics Ltd. Biological Technical Manual. Information on ten common beneficial insects. Strategies, pest insect cylces. & biocontrol programs on sever greenhouse crops. 100 pgs, many color photos.2
Bell, M.L. and J.R. Baker. 1997. Choose a Greenhouse Screen Based on its Pest Exclusion Efficiency. April 1997 NC Commercial Flower Growers Bulletin Vol 42#2.p. 7-13. Accessible from the North Carolina Commercial Flower Growers' Association Homepage: http://NCCFGA.org
Baker, J.R. Biocontrol in Closed Systems. Department of Entomology, NCSU Ornamental and Turf Insect Note 103 (ENT/ort103) http://www.ces.ncsu.edu/depts/ent/notes/Ornamentals_and_Turf/production_contents/103.html
Baker, J.R. 1997. Insect Control in the Greenhouse. N.C. Flower Growers Bulletin February 1997 Vol. 42 #1 p. 13-16. Accessible from the North Carolina Commercial Flower Growers' Association Homepage: http://NCCFGA.org
Baker, J.R. and E.A. Shearin. Insect Screening. Dept. of Entomology, NCSU. Ornamental and Turf Insect Note 104 (ENT/ort-104) http://www.ces.ncsu.edu/depts/ent/notes/Ornamentals_and_Turf/production_contents/104.html
Ferguson, G.M. and J.L. Shipp. 1994. Sanitation recommendations for management of insect and mite pests of greenhouse vegetables. Order No. 94-029 AGDEX 290/621. Ministry of Agric. and Food, Parliament Bldgs., Toronto, Ontario, Canada.1
Fisher, J. C. and J. L. Shipp. 1989. Using parasites for whitefly control on greenhouse vegetables. Order No. 89-119, AGDEX 290/613. Ministry of Agric. and Food, Parliament Bldgs., Toronto, Ontario, Canada.1
McHugh, J. B. 1991. Yes, you can win the war on whiteflies. Meister Pub., 37733 Euclid Avenue, Willoughby, OH 44094. Phone 216-942-2000 33 pp. ($15.95).
Malais, N. and W.J. Ravensberg. Knowing & Recognizing Pests. The biology of glasshouse pests and their natural enemies. Koppert. Life cycles of pest and beneficial insects in greenhouses. 110 pages, 77 color photographs 16,17,22
Orr, D. and J. Baker. 1997. Biological Control. Purchasing Natural Enemies. Dept. of Entomology, NCSU. AG-570-1.14
Orr, D. and J. Baker. 1997. Biological Control. Application of Natural Enemies. Dept. of Entomology, NCSU. AG-570-2. 14
Orr, D.B and J.R.Baker. Biocontrol in greenhouses. N.C. Flower Gowers' Bulletin. August 1997. 42:4. p.5-14. Also available on the web as an Adobe Acrobat file from the North Carolina Commercial Flower Growers' Homepage: http://NCCFGA.org
Orr, D., J.Baker and S. Bambara. 1997. 10 most wanted Insects (a Poster) AG-570.14
Pimentel, D. ed. 1997. Techniques for reducing pesticide use: economic and environmental benefits. Wiley, New York, 444 p. See chapter 18, IPM technologies for greenhouse crops.
Shearin, E.A. and J.R. Baker. 1995. Computer Program for Sizing Insect Exclusion Screens for Greenhouses. NC Flower Growers' Bulletin February 1995 Vol. 40 #1 p. 10. This article describes how to acquire and use a DOS-based computer program. Accessible from the North Carolina Commercial Flower Growers' Association Homepage: http://NCCFGA.org
Sorensen, K. A., Greenhouse vegetable insect control. Insect Note No. 17. (http://www.ces.ncsu.edu/depts/ent/notes/Vegetables/veg17.html)
Sorensen, K. A., Tomato pinworm. Insect Note No. 33. (http://www.ces.ncsu.edu/depts/ent/notes/Vegetables/veg33.html)
James R. Baker. Lady beetles. Ornamental and Turf Insect Note 7414 (ENT/ort-74)
Sorensen, K. A., and G. G. Kennedy. Greenhouse vegetable insect control. N.C. Agricultural Chemicals Manual (revised annually). http://ipmwww.ncsu.edu/agchem/agchem.html
Sorensen, K. A. and J. R. Baker. Insects and related pests of vegetables. N.C. Agricultural Extension Service. AG-295 Revised. (cost $10.00) Placed on the Web by the Center for Integrated Pest Management, NCSU http://ipmwww.ncsu.edu/AG295/html/index.htm
Sorensen, K.A. 1988. Insect Pests of Vegetables. North Carolina Agricultural Extension Service AG-404. Placed on the Web 2/95 by the Center for Integrated Pest Management, NCSU (http://ipmwww.ncsu.edu/vegetables/pests_vegetables.html)
NC State Plant Pathology Information notes: http://www.ces.ncsu.edu/depts/pp/notes
Mississippi State: http://www.msucares.com/pubs/pub1861.htm
Agri-Canada. Tomato Diseases. 1479/E7
Agri-Canada. Cucumber Diseases. 1648/E7
Averre, C. W., Ristaino, J.B. and J.G. Schultheis. Disease management for vegetables and herbs in greenhouses using low input sustainable methods. VG2 - VEGETABLE DISEASE INFORMATION NOTE NO. 2 http://www.ces.ncsu.edu/depts/pp/notes/oldnotes/vg2.htm)
Averre, C. W., R. K. Jones, P. B. Shoemaker and S. F. Jenkins, Jr. Sanitizing greenhouses and plant beds. N.C. Agricultural Chemicals Manual (revised annually). http://ipmwww.ncsu.edu/agchem/agchem.html
Louws, F. J. and P. B. Shoemaker. Greenhouse vegetable crop disease control schedule. N.C. Agricultural Chemicals Manual (revised annually). http://ipmwww.ncsu.edu/agchem/agchem.html
Averre, C. W., S. F. Jenkins, Jr. and P. B. Shoemaker. Crop protectants for controlling diseases of vegetable crops in greenhouses. VG5 - vegetable diseases information note no. 5 ( http://www.ces.ncsu.edu/depts/pp/notes/oldnotes/vg5.htm)
Averre, C. W. and S. F. Jenkins, Jr. 1984. Botrytis blight in vegetable greenhouses and plant beds. Vegetable diseases information note no. 118 ( http://www.ces.ncsu.edu/depts/pp/notes/oldnotes/no118.htm)
Averre, C. W. Bioassay for residual soil fumigants GP01 ( http://www.ces.ncsu.edu/depts/pp/notes/oldnotes/gp1.htm)
Averre, C. W. and S. F. Jenkins. 1976. Sclerotinia stem rot of tomatoes in greenhouses. Vg4 - vegetable diseases information note no. 4 ( http://www.ces.ncsu.edu/depts/pp/notes/oldnotes/vg4.htm)
Averre, C. and J. Paul Lilly. 1982. High salt injury to vegetable crops. Vg10 - Vegetable disease information note no. 10 http://www.ces.ncsu.edu/depts/pp/notes/oldnotes/vg10.htm
Averre, C. W. and R. K. Jones. 1983. Edema. GP03 http://www.ces.ncsu.edu/depts/pp/notes/oldnotes/gp3.htm
Averre, C. W., Shoemaker, P.B. and H. E. Duncan. Blossom-end rot of tomato, pepper and watermelon. Vg19 - vegetable note no. 19 http://www.ces.ncsu.edu/depts/pp/notes/oldnotes/vg19.htm
Averre, C.W. and G.V. Gooding. Virus diseases of greenhouse tomato and their management. Vg15 - vegetable disease information note no. 15 http://www.ces.ncsu.edu/depts/pp/notes/oldnotes/vg15.htm
Jarvis, W. R. 1992. Managing diseases in greenhouse crops. APS. Press, Inc. St. Paul, MN. 288 pp.18
Jones et al. 1991. Compendium of tomato diseases. APS Press.18
Tomato Diseases: A Practical Guide for Seedsmen, Growers, and Agricultural Advisors. by: Brad Gabora and Wayne Wiebe, editors. 1997. Seminis Vegetable Seeds, Inc. Saticoy, California, USA. Provides descriptions and beautiful color photos of the more common tomato diseases and disorders, including symptoms, conditions necessary for development and control measures.
Peto. Tomato Diseases. 16,17
Peto. Cucurbit Diseases. 16,17
Cost of Production
Anon. Greenhouse vegetable-1986,87 Production Costs & Practices in Essex. PRGMD046. Ministry of Agric. and Food, Parliament Bldgs., Toronto, Ontario, Canada.1
Anon. Greenhouse vegetable-1991. Production and Practices PRGMD017. Ministry of Agric. and Food, Parliament Bldgs., Toronto, Ontario, Canada.1
Hammer, A. 1982. Figuring Greenhouse Plant cost: Growing Medium. Cooperative Extension Service, Purdue Univ. FactSheet HO-17015
Hammer, A. 1988. Figuring Greenhouse Plant cost: Heating. Cooperative Extension Service, Purdue Univ. FactSheet HO-171.15
Other Publications of Interest
Boyette, M.D., Sanders, D.C. and E.A. Estes, Postharvest cooling and handling of field- and greenhouse-grown tomatoes: AG-413-9. http://www2.ncsu.edu/bae/programs/extension/publicat/postharv/tomatoes/tomat.html
Enoch, H.Z. and B.A. Kimball. eds. 1986. Carbon dioxide enrichment of greenhouse crops. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL. Vol. 1 Status and CO2 sources; Vol. 2. Physiology, yields and economics.
Eysinga, J. P. N., L. R. Van, and K. W. Smilde. 1981. Nutritional disorders in glasshouse tomatoes, cucumbers and lettuce. Centre for Agricultural Pub. and Doc., Wageningen, The Netherlands.16,17
North Carolina Department of Agriculture, Agonomic Division. Fertilization of greenhouse crops. Note 9. 1 p. Raleigh, NC. Rev, 3/97. The NCDA will test soil, waste material, soluble salts in media, and plant tissue for NC growers at a minimal charge. The reports are available on-line to growers and advisors. http://www.agr.state.nc.us/agronomi/
Northeast Regional Agricultural Engineering Service. Storage of fruits, vegetables, and floriculture crops (charge of $15.00 plus shipping).4
Ormond, D. P. and T. J. Blom. 1988. Air pollution in greenhouses. Factsheet, Order No. 88-103, AGNEX 290/092. Ministry of Agriculture and Food, Parliament Bldgs., Toronto, Ontario, Canada.1
Papadopoulos, A. P. and S. Khosla. 1990. Post-harvest handling of greenhouse vegetables: Strategies for the prevention of ethylene damage. Order No. 90-220, AGDEX 290/57. Ministry of Agric. and Food, Parliament Bldgs., Toronto, Ontario, Canada.1
New Moon Publishing. The Growing Edge. P.O. Box 1027, Corvallis, OR 97339. Published quarterly. http://www.growingedge.com/)
Media Action USA. Greenhouses magazine. 37444 Sycamore St. #10, Newark, California 94560, (510) 796-2396. http://www.hydroponics.com.au/
Media Action USA. Practical Hydroponics magazine available from Media Action USA, 37444 Sycamore St. #10, Newark, California 94560, (510) 796-2396. http://www.hydroponics.com.au/
Meister Publishing. American Vegetable Grower. 37733 Euclid Ave., Willoughby, OH 44094 -- $15.95/year for AVG and $25.00/year for GG. (phone 440-942-2000).
Meister Publishing. Greenhouse Grower. 37733 Euclid Ave., Willoughby, OH 44094 -- $15.95/year for AVG and $25.00/year for GG. (phone 440-942-2000).
Greenhouse Canada, 222 Argyle Ave., Delhi, Ontario, Canada N4B 2Y2 -- $50/year. Phone 519-582-2513.
Greenhouse Product News, 380 E. Northwest Hwy., Des Plaines, IL 60016-2282. Publishes a yearly directory of suppliers of all types of greenhouse products. $30/yr. phone 847-298-6622 fax 847-390-0408 email email@example.com http://www.greenhouseproductnews.com.
Newsletters, Associations and Short Courses
Greenhouse Coverings, Alberta, Canada: http://www.agric.gov.ab.ca/crops/hort/grnhouse/
Ontario Greenhouse Vegetable Newsletter: http://www.gov.on.ca/OMAFRA/english/crops/hort/greenhouse.html
Cultivating Concepts. The May issue features research on greenhouse vegetables at the Harrow Research Station. http://res.agr.ca/harrow/ccvol4.htm
Vegetable Press, from Mississippi State University mainly deals with field vegetable production, but has production and pest management guidelines for greenhouse tomatoes as well: http://www.msucares.edu/newsletters/vegpress/index.html
Budget for Greenhouse Tomatoes http://www.msucares.com/pubs/p2257.html
DeRuiter Seed Company has several years of their newsletters on-line: http://www.deruiterusa.com/newslet.html
An on-line discussion group which covers greenhouse vegetables, among other vegetable topics is available at http://www.greenhouse-bbs.com/dis-veg/veg.html
Hydroponic growers may be interested in joining the hydroponics mailing list. This is an on-line discussion group where people send in email questions or comments and other subscribers send short messages in response. If you want to check out past postings, connect to their web site at http://www.growroom.com/HydroList/index.html/. To subscribe by email, write "subscribe" in the message body and send to firstname.lastname@example.org. If you send "subsingle" in the message body instead of "subscribe" you will receive every single message as it comes in rather than a daily digest. If you write "info" instead of either of these, you will just get information about the list but not actually subscribe. The complete hydro list archives is available in downloadable ASCII files at ftp://ftp.growroom.com/HydroList.
The Hydroponic Society of America is designed to meet the interests of hobby and small commercial hydroponic growers. To subscribe to their newsletter, write: HSA, 2819 Crow Canyon Road, Suite 218, San Ramon, CA 94583, or phone 510-743-9605; fax 510-743-9302. This group has annual meetings, publishes proceedings and a newsletter and supplies books. They also have a website: http://www.intercom.net/user/aquaedu/hsa/index.html
Mississippi State University, Cooperative Extension Service, Truck Crops branch Experiment Station, P.O. Box 231, Crystal Springs, MS 39059 Phone 601-892-3731. Offers annual greenhouse tomato short course in March. Miss. Vegetable Press newsletter: http://www.msucares.com/newsletters/vegpress/index.html and videotapes of short courses available. For more information contact Dr. Rick Snyder, Mississippi State University, P.O.Box 231 Crystal Springs, MS 39059. phone 601-892-3731 fax: 601-892-2056 email: RickS@ext.msstate.edu.
Rutgers University, Cook College, PO Box 231, New Brunswick, NJ 08903 Phone 908-932-9271. Annual short courses on greenhouse design and management and hydroponic crop production. Also newsletter on Greenhouse Engineering. Newsletter is available on the web (http://www.cook.rutgers.edu/~roberts/ or contact W.J. Roberts, ed. Bioresource Engineering Department, Rutgers, George H. Cook College 20 Ag Extension Way, New Brunswick, N. J. 08901-8500 phone 732-932-9534, fax 732-932-7931 email: email@example.com.
Texas Greenhouse Growers Council c/o Patti Schneider, Rt. 3, Box 141, Rockdale TX 76567-9305 Phone 512-446-6126.
North Carolina Greenhouse Vegetable Growers Association, Attn: Bonnie Holloman 8600 Crowder Road, Raleigh,NC 27603. email: firstname.lastname@example.org. $25/general membership, $35/Associate membership. (Free sample newsletter upon request). Phone 919-772-2204 Fax 919-779-1685. Informational packet of 20 reprints on greenhouse vegetable production available for $10.00 including mailing. There is a yearly meeting at the end of October and a greenhouse tour in March. Homepage: http://www.agr.state.nc.us/markets/assoc/ghvga/index.htm.
New England Greenhouse Conference (Vegetables and Floriculture) Oct. 19-21, 1998. Centrum Centre, Worcester. More information available at http://www.uvm.edu/~pass/greenhouse/negc.html or contact Larry Carville, PO Box 117, Vermon CT 06066-0117
Soil, Nutrient Solution and Plant Tissues Analyses (North Carolina Residents only):
Greenhouse Equipment and Supplies
(This list is not intended to be complete and is not an endorsement of the companies listed. There are many other reputable manufacturers besides those listed above. Companies wishing to be listed in furture editions should contact email@example.com)
The Greenhouse Industry Trade Show On-line lists many suppliers and also has classified ads and discussion groups. http://www.greenhouse-bbs.com/
Homegrown Hydroponics (http://www.hydroponics.com/index.htm) lists selected suppliers in Canada and also has a description of many types of greenhouse equipment
Greenhouse Product News publishes a directory of suppliers of all types of greenhouse products http://www.greenhouseproductnews.com. It is possible to search their site for both particular products and particular supplies. You can also access articles in back issues of the magazine which discuss particular topics.
(See also hydroponics links and biological control links for beneficial insect suppliers)
Agrodynamics, Rep. Dale Seale, 4300 L.B. McLeod Rd., Suite C, Orlando, FL 32811 Phone: 407-872-2250. Company address: Building 3, Brooklyn Navy yard, Brooklyn, NY 11205 Phone: 1-800-872-2476. (Rockwool systems)
Acme Eng. & Mfg. Corp. P.O. Box 978, Muskogee, OK 74402. Phone 918-682-7791 fax 800 382-2263 http://www.acmehort.com email firstname.lastname@example.org (cooling pads)
Anderson Injectors, P.O. Box 1006, 2100 Anderson Drive, Muskogee, OK 74401 Phone 918-687-4426. (fertilizer injectors)
BFG, Inc., 14500 Kinsman Road, Burton, OH 44021. Phone 1-800-362-0683. (Greenhouse manufacturers and suppliers)
Cassco, P.O. Box 3508, U.S. Highway 231, North Montgomery, AL 36193 Phone 1-800-633-5888. (Greenhouse manufacturers and suppliers)
Coor Farm Supply, P.O. Box 525, Smithfield, NC 27577 (fertilizers, seeds and other supplies) Phone: 919-934-4573
Crop King, Inc. 5050 Greenwich Road, Seville, Ohio 44273. Phone: 330-769-2002 fax: 330-769-2616. web site: http://www.cropking.com email: email@example.com. (complete line of greenhouse products, including training sessions; catalog also available for hobbyists) Many of the books and other publications on this list are also available from Crop King.
DeRuiter Seeds, Inc., 3001 Bethel Road, Suite 118, Columbus, OH 43220 Phone 614-459-1498, fax 614-442-1716) website: http://www.deruiterusa.com/ e-mail firstname.lastname@example.org (seeds for greenhouse crops) The website also has back issues of newsletters.
Dosatron International, Inc. 1620 N. Fort Harrison Avenue, Clearwater, FL 35615 Phone 813-443-5404fax 813-447-0591 http://www.dosatron.thomas-register.com email: email@example.com (nutrient injectors).
Dosmatic, 1230 Crowley Circle, Carrollton, TX 75006-1315. Phone 800-344-6767 fax 214-245-9000 email: firstname.lastname@example.org (nutrient injectors).
Eco Enterprises, 1240 NE 175th Street, Suite B, Shoreline WA 98155 (phone 800/426-6937) http://www.bhw.com/eco. (hydroponic supplies)
E.C. Geiger, Inc. Route 63, Box 285, 189 Main St. Haleysville, PA 19438 phone 800-443-4437 fax: 800-432-9434. http://www.hortnet.com/ecgeiger email: email@example.com.
Fafard, 6406 Carmel Road, Suite 30, Charlotte, NC 28226, SC 29622 Phone: 1-800-845-1664 www.fafard.com email: firstname.lastname@example.org (growing media).
G&M Agricultural Supply Company. 5301 N. 82nd Street, Scottsdale, AZ, 85250-7335. phone/fax 602-947-0096 or 800 901-0096. (Nursery greenhouse and organic grower products such as shade cloth.)
Gempler's, Inc. P.O. Box 270. 211 Blue Mounds Rd. Mt. Horeb, WI 53572 phone 800-382-8473 fax 800-551-1128 www.gemplers.com email: email@example.com
Grainger's, 208 Parcel Drive, P.O. Box 6859, Jackson MS, 39350 Phone: 601-352-0891 (motors, timers, parts, fittings)
The Green Spot, Ltd. 93 Priest Rd. Nottingham, NH 03290-6204 phone 603-942-8925 fax 603-942-8932 email firstname.lastname@example.org (biocontrol organisms and insect screens)
Green-Tek, Inc. 407 N. Main Str., Edgerton, WI 53534. tel 800-747-6440 or 608-884-9454 fax 608-884-9459 www.green-tek.com email email@example.com (greenhouse covers)
Growers Supply Center. 3000 S. Hwy. 77-Unit 214, Lynn Haven, FL. 32444. phone (850) 785-8974. (hydroponic supplies)
Hydro-Gardens, Inc. P.O. Box 25845, Colorado Springs, CO 80936 Phone or fax 800-634-6362; Technical services 719-495-2266. Email firstname.lastname@example.org http://www.hydro-gardens.com/. Many of the books and other publications on this list are also available from Hydro-Gardens. (greenhouse systems, fertilizers, control equipment, biological controls.)
International Technology Services. P.O.Box 19227, Coulder, CO 80308-2227. Phone 303-473-9141 fax 303-473-9143 email email@example.com (biological controls, pollination, greenhouse supplies, insect screening, biological pesticides, ground cover & shading).
IPM Laboratories, Inc. P.O. Box 300, Locke, NY 13092-0300. Phone 315-497-2063 fax 315-497-3129 email firstname.lastname@example.org (biological control insects).
Jaderloon Co., Rep: Jeff McClure, P.O. Box 685, Irmo, SC 29063 Phone: 800-258-7171 or 803-798-4000 (greenhouse installation).
Johnny's Selected Seeds. 1 Foss Hill Road, RR 1 Box 2580, Albion, Maine 04910-9731. Phone: 207 437-4395 Fax 800 437-4290. http://www.johnnyseeds.com Good source for both medicinal and culinary herb seeds.sprout seeds, spinach seeds, lettuce seeds, and salad and braising seed mixes.
Klerk's. P.O. Box 368 546 L&C Distribution Park, Richburg, SC 29729. phone 803-789-4000 or 888-2-klerks. fax 803-789-4001. email: email@example.com (greenhouse covers).
Koppert Biological Systems. 2856 South Main, Ann Arbor, MI, 48103. phone 313-998-5589 www.koppert.nl (note link to English version in upper left) (bumblebees for pollination and biocontrol organisms).
Ludy Greenhouse Mfg. Corp. box 141, New Madison, OH 45346 phone 937-996-1921 fax 937-996-8031.
Michigan Peat Co., PO Box 980129, 2243 Milford Rd., Houston, TX 77098-0129 phone 1-800-231-6211 or 713-522-0711 fax 713-522-9060.
Mycotech Corporation, 529 E. Front St. P.O. Box 4109, Butte, MT 59702 phone 406-782-2386 fax 406-782-9912. (Suppliers of biopesticides, including the mycoinsecticide, BotaniGard for whitefly control.)
Natural Insect Control, RR#2, Stevensville, Ontario, Canada, LOS180 phone 905-382-2905; fax 905-382-4418. Email firstname.lastname@example.org www.natural-insect-control.com. Suppliers of beneficial insects, books, garden supplies.
Nexus Greenhouse Corp., Rep. Jerry Bleckley, #7 Lawterdale Circle, Asheville, NC 28804 704-253-9006 or 800-228-9639 fax 303-457-2801 www.nexuscorp.com (greenhouse installation).
Paramount Seeds, Inc. Rep. Glen Kaufman, P.O. Box 1866, Palm City, FL 34991 Phone: 561-221-0653 (Seeds for greenhouse tomatoes, cucumbers and peppers).
Priva Computers, Inc. 3468 South Service Rd., Vineland Station, Ontario, Canada L0R 2E0 phone 905-562-7351 fax 905-562-7717 email email@example.com.
Rough Brothers Inc. 5513 Vine Street, Cincinnati, OH 45217. 1-800-543-7351 or 513-242-0310 fax 513-242-0816 www.roughbros.com (greenhouses and build-it-yourself seminars).
Smithers-Oasis, PO Box 118, 919 Marvin Street, Kent, OH 44240 Phone: 330-673-5831 or 800-231-8286 fax 800-447-0813 (Oasis cubes for starting plants).
Stuppy Greenhouse Supply. 1212 Clay Street, P.O. Box 12456. North Kansas City, MO 64116 Phone 1-800-821-2132 or 800 733-5025 fax 1-800-423-1512 www.stuppy.com (greenhouse manufacturers and suppliers)
United States Plastic Corp. 1390 Neubrecht Road, Lima, Ohio 45801-3196 Phone 419-228-2242. (polyethylene tanks for nutrient solutions, polyethylene tubing & fittings, PVC pipes).
Venlo, Inc. P.O. Box 529, Thornburg, VA 22585. Phone 540-582-3159. Fax: 540-582-6103. (installs greenhouse structures, hot water heating systems, energy curtains).
V-J Growers Supply, 4941 Chastain Avenue, Charlotte, NC 28217 phone 704-525-7723.
Westbrook Greenhouse Systems. PO Box 99, 270 Hunter Rd. Grimsby, Ontario, Canada L3M 4G1 phone 905-945-4111 fax 905-945-6564 www.westbrooksystems.com email firstname.lastname@example.org.
X.S. Smith Incorporated, PO Drawer X Red Bank, NJ, 07701-0558. Phone 1-800-631-2226 or 201-222-4600.fax 732-222-7288 www.xssmith.com (greenhouses, heating systems, parts).
Ordering List for Publications
For a list of all cooperative extension offices with a web presence, visit: http://www.oneglobe.com/agriculture/extnsion.html. Web orders for books can be placed at http://www.amazon.com/. They have 61 titles in hydroponics and 17 in greenhouse vegetables.
Distributed in furtherance of the Acts of Congress of May 8 and June 30, 1914. Employment and program opportunities are offered to all people regardless of race, color, national origin, sex, age, or disability. North Carolina State University at Raleigh, North Carolina A&T State University, U.S. Department of Agriculture, and local governments cooperating.