Home Garden Pepper Production
(Bell, Small Fruit and Pimento)1

Revised 1/01 -- Author Reviewed 1/01 HIL-8021

Douglas C. Sanders, Extension Horticultural Specialist
Charles W. Averre, Extension Plant Pathologist
Kenneth A. Sorensen, Extension Entomologist
Department of Horticultural Science
College of Agriculture & Life Sciences
North Carolina State University


By following the steps listed below you will be able to produce earlier peppers with higher yields and better quality.

Plants and Plant Beds

(See AG-337, Production of Commercial Vegetable Transplants, for more detailed information.)


Table 1. When to transplant peppers in field.


Sow Seedbed

Transplant in Field (after Frost)

Coastal Plain

Jan. 15 to Feb. 15



Feb. 1 to Mar. 1

April to May


Feb. 15 to Mar. 15


1 See Commercial Pepper Production in North Carolina (AG 387) for more detailed and complete information.

In The Garden

* Consult the current North Carolina Commercial Vegetable Recommendations (AG-586) or your county Extension agent for pesticide recommendations.

10 Steps to Profitable Pepper Production

  1. Use well-drained soils.
  2. Soil test for fertilizer and nematodes.
  3. Lime to pH 6.5.
  4. Apply fertilizer carefully.
  5. Use only disease-free and insect-free plants that have not been crowded.
  6. Use good weed management practices.
  7. Plant carefully to get good stands.
  8. Sidedress 2 to 3 times.
  9. Control corn borer and other insects.
  10. Cool fruit soon after harvest.

Recommendations for the use of chemicals are included in this publication as a convenience to the reader. The use of brand names and any mention or listing of commercial products or services in this publication does not imply endorsement by the North Carolina Cooperative Extension Service nor discrimination against similar products or services not mentioned. Individuals who use chemicals are responsible for ensuring that the intended use complies with current regulations and conforms to the product label. Be sure to obtain current information about usage and examine a current product label before applying any chemical. For assistance, contact an agent of the North Carolina Cooperative Extension Service in your county.

Published by the North Carolina Cooperative Extension Service

Distributed in furtherance of the Acts of Congress of May 8 and June 30, 1914. Employment and program opportunities are offered to all people regardless of race, color, national origin, sex, age, or disability. North Carolina State University at Raleigh, North Carolina A&T State University, U.S. Department of Agriculture, and local governments cooperating.