LEAFLET NO: 633

Revised 6/94 - Author Reviewed 4/97

VINES FOR NORTH CAROLINA LANDSCAPES

M. A. "KIM" POWELL
Extension Horticultural Specialist
Department of HorticulturalScience
North Carolina Cooperative Extension Service
North Carolina State University

There are several vines which should interest North Carolina gardeners and landscapers. Vines, when used correctly, can be quite an aesthetic and functional addition to the landscape. Basically, there are three types of vines: those that climb by attaching tendrils to a means of support, those that climb by attaching rootlike arms to a wall, and those that climb by twining. The type of vine which is planted will determine the necessity for a supporting fence, arbor, or wall. Maintenance of both the vine and the structure should also be considered. It would be inadvisable to plant a vine which climbs by tendrils next to a painted wooden wall. When a vine requires moving, it is recommended to cut back severely, replant, and allow the vine to rejuvenate.

Vines may be either evergreen or deciduous, flowering or non-flowering. Vines can bloom in spring, summer, or fall, and add interest in winter as the trunk-stem structural patterns are exposed while other plants become dormant.

Many vines will become perennial landscape additions, especially those planted and allowed to grow on a trellis or an arbor. The structure should get special attention also. Be certain to construct the support structure with weatherproof materials. Use the naturally decay-resistant woods such as red cedar or use treated materials. Brick, iron, or concrete are also acceptable as support structures for vines.

The following gives a partial list of favorite vines available and adaptable to N.C.

BOTANICAL NAME: Akebia quinata 'Shirobana'

COMMON NAME: FIVELEAF AKEBIA

HARDINESS ZONE: 6,7,8

GROUP: E

GROWTH RATE: rapid

EXPOSURE: sun

TEXTURE: medium to fine

FORM: climbs by twining

HEIGHT, SPREAD: 30", indeterminate

LANDSCAPE REMARKS: Very graceful foliage in clusters of five

 

BOTANICAL NAME: Amelopsis brevipeodunculara 'Elegans'

COMMON NAME: PORCELAIN VINE

HARDINESS ZONE: 6,7,8

GROUP: D

GROWTH RATE: medium

EXPOSURE: sun

TEXTURE: medium

FORM: climbing

HEIGHT, SPREAD: 10-20'

LANDSCAPE REMARKS: Berries change colors, borne in clusters. Very interesting fall display

 

BOTANICAL NAME: Campsis grandiflora

COMMON NAME: CHINESE TRUMPETVINE

HARDINESS ZONE: 6,7,8

GROUP: D

GROWTH RATE: rapid

EXPOSURE: sun

TEXTURE: coarse

FORM: climbing

HEIGHT, SPREAD: 30'+

LANDSCAPE REMARKS: Beautiful throughout the summer. Large orange blossoms

 

BOTANICAL NAME: Clematis hybrida

COMMON NAME: LARGE FLOWERED CLEMATIS

HARDINESS ZONE: 6,7,8

GROUP: D

GROWTH RATE: moderate

EXPOSURE: sun for flowers-roots-shade

TEXTURE: medium to fine

FORM: climbing

HEIGHT, SPREAD: 5-20"

LANDSCAPE REMARKS: Weak climber, good tortain best in zones 6-7

 

BOTANICAL NAME: Euonymus fortunei

COMMON NAME: WINTERCREEPER

HARDINESS ZONE: 6,7,8

GROUP: E

GROWTH RATE: moderate

EXPOSURE: sun or shade

TEXTURE: medium

FORM: climbing spreading

HEIGHT, SPREAD: 3-6'

LANDSCAPE REMARKS: Several varieties. Excellent low groundcover

 

BOTANICAL NAME: Fatshedera lizei

COMMON NAME: BUSHIVY

HARDINESS ZONE: 7,8

GROUP: E

GROWTH RATE: rapid

EXPOSURE: shade to part shade

TEXTURE: coarse

FORM: climbing

HEIGHT, SPREAD: 10"

LANDSCAPE REMARKS: Very tolerant to adverse conditions, good in planters

 

BOTANICAL NAME: Ficus pumila

COMMON NAME: CLIMBING FIG

HARDINESS ZONE: 8

GROUP: E

GROWTH RATE: rapid

EXPOSURE: shade to part shade

TEXTURE: fine to medium

FORM: climbing

HEIGHT, SPREAD: 30"

LANDSCAPE REMARKS: Good climber. Avoid planting zones 6-7

 

BOTANICAL NAME: Gelsemium sempervirens

COMMON NAME: CAROLINA JESSAMINE

HARDINESS ZONE: 6,7,8

GROUP: E

GROWTH RATE: moderate to rapid

EXPOSURE: sun or shade

TEXTURE: fine

FORM: twining vine

HEIGHT, SPREAD: 20'

LANDSCAPE REMARKS: Excellent climber. Good screening plant

 

BOTANICAL NAME: Hedera helix

COMMON NAME: ENGLISH IVY

HARDINESS ZONE: 6,7,8

GROUP: E

GROWTH RATE: moderate to rapid

EXPOSURE: part shade to shade

TEXTURE: medium to coarse

FORM: climbing spreading

HEIGHT, SPREAD: 50+

LANDSCAPE REMARKS: Many varieties. Very hardy

 

BOTANICAL NAME: Lonicera japonica halliana

COMMON NAME: HALLS JAPANESE HONEYSUCKLE

HARDINESS ZONE: 6,7,8

GROUP: E

GROWTH RATE: rapid

EXPOSURE: sun to shade

TEXTURE: medium

FORM: twining

HEIGHT, SPREAD: 30"

LANDSCAPE REMARKS: White, fragrant flowers. Can become noxiousweed if not controlled

 

BOTANICAL NAME: Lonicera sempervirens

COMMON NAME: TRUMPET HONEYSUCKLE

HARDINESS ZONE: 6,7,8

GROUP: E

GROWTH RATE: rapid

EXPOSURE: sun to shade

TEXTURE: medium

FORM: twining

HEIGHT, SPREAD: 50'+

LANDSCAPE REMARKS: White fragrant flowers. Can become noxious weed if not controlled.

 

BOTANICAL NAME: Parthenocissus quinquefolia

COMMON NAME: VIRGINIA CREEPER

HARDINESS ZONE: 6,7,8

GROUP: D

GROWTH RATE: rapid

EXPOSURE: sun to part shade

TEXTURE: coarse

FORM: climbs by tendrils

HEIGHT, SPREAD: 10-20'

LANDSCAPE REMARKS: Requires support. Excellent fall color

 

BOTANICAL NAME: Parthenocissus tricuspidata

COMMON NAME: BOSTON IVY

HARDINESS ZONE: 6,7,8

GROUP: D

GROWTH RATE: rapid

EXPOSURE: part shade

TEXTURE: coarse

FORM: climbs by tendrils

HEIGHT, SPREAD: 30"

LANDSCAPE REMARKS: Excellent on masonry walls. Withstands adverse conditions

 

BOTANICAL NAME: Rosa banksiae

COMMON NAME: BANKS ROSE

HARDINESS ZONE: 7,8

GROUP: E

GROWTH RATE: rapid

EXPOSURE: sun

TEXTURE: fine

FORM: climbing

HEIGHT, SPREAD: 10-15'

LANDSCAPE REMARKS: Requires support for climbing

 

BOTANICAL NAME: Smilax lanceolata

COMMON NAME: SMILAX

HARDINESS ZONE: 6,7,8

GROUP: E

GROWTH RATE: rapid

EXPOSURE: sun or shade

TEXTURE: medium

FORM: climbs by tendrils

HEIGHT, SPREAD: 30'+

LANDSCAPE REMARKS: Bright green color for cutting. Excellent screen on trellises

 

BOTANICAL NAME: Trachelosperum jasminoides

COMMON NAME: CONFEDERATE JASMINE or STAR JASMINE

HARDINESS ZONE: 7,8

GROUP: E

GROWTH RATE: rapid

EXPOSURE: partial shade

TEXTURE: medium

FORM: climbing

HEIGHT, SPREAD: 10-15

LANDSCAPE REMARKS: Good foliage. White fragrant flowers in spring

 

BOTANICAL NAME: Wisteria sinensis

COMMON NAME: CHINESE WISTERIA

HARDINESS ZONE: 6,7,8

GROUP: D

GROWTH RATE: rapid

EXPOSURE: sun

TEXTURE: medium

FORM: climbs by twisting

HEIGHT, SPREAD: 30'+

LANDSCAPE REMARKS: Very fragrant but growth can girdle trees


 Published by

North Carolina Cooperative Extension Service

Distributed in furtherance of the Acts of Congress of May 8 andJune 30, 1914. Employment and program opportunities are offered toall people regardless of race, color, national origin, sex, age, ordisability. North Carolina State University at Raleigh, NorthCarolina A&T State University, U.S. Department of Agriculture,and local governments cooperating.