Revised 9/93 -- Author Reviewed 4/96


M.A. Powell
Extension Horticultural Specialist
Department of Horticultural Science
North Carolina Cooperative Extension Service
North Carolina State University

As in any landscape project, a site analysis is recommended before the design and construction stages. This is especially true as a careful selection of plants is very important for coastal landscapes. Plants must be tolerant of extreme adverse conditions in the natural environment. The most influencing force is salt spray. Sand, temperature and wind are also influencing factors in plant choice.

In unprotected areas it is recommended to select those plants which can withstand these native conditions. Plants that are injured by spray or strong wind will grow near the sea if protected by buildings or by screen plantings, therefore the use of many ornamentals along with native trees and shrubs can be incorporated into a plan.

Below are listed several trees, shrubs, groundcovers and vines which withstand normal seashore conditions.

                         Deciduous Trees
   Acer platanoides                        Norway Maple
   Acer rubrum                             Red Maple
   Betula nigra                            River Birch
   Gleditsia triacanthos                   Honeylocust
   Liquidambar styraciflua                 Sweetgum
   Platanus occidentalis                   Sycamore
   Prunus caroliniana                      Carolina Cherrylaurel
   Quercus alba                            White Oak
   Quercus coccinea                        Scarlet Oak
   Quercus marilandica                     Blackjack Oak
   Quercus stellata                        Post Oak
   Salix species                           Willow

                         Evergreen Trees
   Begotia capitata                        Brazilian Butia
   Ilex opaca                              American Holly
   Ilex vomitoria                          Yaupon Holly
   Juniperus virginiana                    Eastern Red Cedar
   Magnolia grandiflora                    Southern Magnolia
   Magnolia virginiana                     Sweetbay
   Persea borbonia                         Redbay
   Picea glauca                            White Spruce
   Pinus densiflora                        Japanese Red Pine
   Pinus montana mughus                    Mugho Pine
   Pinus nigra                             Austrian Pine
   Pinus sylvestris                        Scotch Pine
   Pinus tarta                             Loblolly Pine
   Quercus virginiana                      Live Oak
   Sabel palmetto                          Cabbage Palmetto

         Deciduous/Semi-Evergreen Small Trees and Shrubs
   Amelanchier canadensis                  Downy Shadblow
   Baccharis halimifolia                   Eastern Baccharis
   Berberis thungergi                      Japanese Barberry
   Cornus florida                          Flowering Dogwood
   Cotinus coggygria                       Common Smoketree
   Elaeagnus umbellata                     Autumn Elaeagnus
   Ligustrum ibota                         Ibota Privet
   Ligustrum ovalifolium                   Califronia Privet
   Lonicera tatarica                       Tatarian Honeysuckle
   Myrica pennsylvanica                    Northern Bayberry
   Prunus maritima                         Shrub Oak
   Rhus copallina                          Flameleaf Sumac
   Rhus glabra                             Smooth Sumac
   Rosa wichuraina                         Wichura Rose
   Spirea species                          Spireas, all kings
   Tamarix gallica                         French Tamarisk

                        Evergreen Shrubs
   Cleyera japonica                        Cleyera
   Elaeagnus pungens                       Russian Olive
   Euonymus japonicus                      Evergreen Euonymus
   Fatsia japonica                         Japanese Fatsia
   Ilex vomitoria nana                     Dwarf Yaupon Holly
   Juniperus chinensis 'pfitzer jana'      Pfitzer juniper
   Juniperus conferta                      Shore juniper
   Juniperus horizontalis                  Creeping juniper
   Ligustrum japonicum                     Japanese Ligustrum
   Ligustrum lucidum                       Glossy privet
   Myrica cerifera                         Southern Waxmyrtle
   Nerium oleander                         Oleander
   Pittosporum tobira                      Japanese Pittosporum
   Podocarpus macrophyllus maki            Yew Podocarpus
   Raphiolepis umbellata                   Yeddo Raphiolepis
   Tamarix gallica                         Salt Cedar
   Yucca varieties                         Yucca
   Campsis radicans                        Trumpetcreeper
   Clematis paniculata                     Clematis
   Euonymus fortunei                       Wintercreeper
   Gelsemium sempervirens                  Carolina Jessamine
   Lonicera sempervirens                   Trumpet Honeysuckle
   Parthenocissus quinquefolia             Virginia Creeper
   Vitis rotundifolia Michx.               Muscadine Grape
   Wisteria sinensis                       Chinese Wisteria

   Calendua                                Joseph's Coat
   California Poppy                        Love-Lies-Bleeding
   Calliposis                              Marigold
   Cape Marigold                           Petunia
   Castor Bean                             Protuclaca
   Cockscomb                               Prince's Feather
   Cornflower                              Scotch Pink
   Drummond Phlox                          Snow-on-the-Mountain
   Dwarf Nasturtium                        Spiderflower
   Feather Cockscomb                       Strawflower
   Four-O'clock                            Stock
   Garden Balsam                           Sunflower
   Gaillardia                              Sweet Alyssum
   Godetia Zinnia

Published by
North Carolina Cooperative Extension Service

Distributed in furtherance of the Acts of Congress of May 8 and June 30, 1914. Employment and program opportunities are offered to all people regardless of race, color, national origin, sex, age, or disability. North Carolina State University at Raleigh, North Carolina A&T State University, U.S. Department of Agriculture, and local governments cooperating.