Common Name
Scientific Name
Bloom Season
Sun Exposure
Soil Requirements
Height (inches)
Hardiness Zones
Flower Color
Propagation
Ageratum, Hardy Eupatorium coelestinum Late summer to frost Sun to partial shade Moist; tolerates poor drainage 12 to 36 6 to 10 Blue, violet, white Division in spring
Alumroot, 'Palace Purple' Heuchera 'Palace Purple' Foliage spring to fall Sun to partial shade Well drained 12 to 24 4 to 8 Purple (foliage) Division; seeds
Anemone, Japanese Anemone x hybrida Late summer to fall Partial shade Well drained 24 to 48 4 to 8 Pink, white Division in spring; root cuttings in winter
Artemisia Artemisia absinthium Late summer Sun Dry 24 to 36 3 to 9 Yellow Seeds; division
Aster Aster spp. Late summer, fall Sun Well drained 12 to 48 5 to 8 Blue, pink, violet, white Spring or fall division; cuttings
Astilbe Astilbe x arendsii Early to mid summer Sun to partial shade Moist; fertile 24 to 48 4 to 9 Pink, red, white Spring or fall division; seeds
Baby's breath Gypsophila paniculata Summer Sun Well drained; alkaline 18 to 36 3 to 8 Pink, rose, white Seeds; grafting
Balloon flower Platycodon grandiflorus Late spring to summer Sun to partial shade Well drained, slightly acidic 12 to 36 3 to 8 Blue, white Seeds; division in spring
Bearded tongue Penstemon spp. Late spring to summer Sun Well drained 18 to 36 5 to 8 Orange, pink, red, rose, violet, white Seeds sown late summer; cuttings in summer; division
Bear's breeches Acanthus spinosus Midsummer Partial shade Well drained 36 to 48 7 to 10 Purple and white Root cuttings in spring
Bee-balm Monarda didyma Summer Sun to partial shade Moist 24 to 48 4 to 9 Pink, red, rose, violet, white Division in spring; cuttings; seeds
Begonia, Hardy Begonia grandis Summer to fall Partial shade Rich; moist 24 6 to 9 Pink Bulbils formed in leaf axils
Bellflower Campanula spp. Summer Sun Well drained 9 to 60 3 to 7 Blue, lavender white Seeds
Bergenia Bergenia cordifolia Early spring Partial shade Rich; moist 12 to 18 3 to 8 Deep pink Seeds; division in spring
Black-eyed Susan Rudbeckia fulgida Late summer Sun to partial shade Well drained 18 to 30 3 to 9 Gold with black center Division in spring or fall; seeds
Blanket flower Gaillardia x grandiflora Summer, long flowering Sun Dry; sandy; well drained 12 to 36 2 to 10 Red and yellow Seeds, division in spring
Bleeding heart Dicentra spectabilis Spring Partial shade Rich; moist; well drained 14 to 24 2 to 9 Rose pink, white Seeds sown late summer; division in fall or spring
Bleeding heart, Fringed Dicentra eximia Early summer Partial shade to shade Rich; moist; well drained 12 to 18 3 to 9 Deep pink Seed sown late summer; division in spring
Blue wild indigo Baptisia australis Spring Sun to partial shade Well drained 36 to 48 3 to 9 Blue Seeds sown when fresh in mid-summer
Butterfly weed Asclepias tuberosa Spring, summer Sun Dry; well drained 24 to 36 4 to 9 Orange, red, yellow Seeds
Candytuft Iberis sempervirens Spring Sun Well drained; alkaline 9 to 18 3 to 9 White Cuttings in midsummer; seeds
Cardinal flower Lobelia cardinalis Late summer Partial shade Moist; high in organic matter 36 to 48 3 to 9 Cardinal red Remove offshoots in late summer; seeds; cuttings
Chrysanthemum Chrysanthemum morifolium Fall Sun Well drained 12 to 36 5 to 9 Lavender, orange, red yellow, white Division in spring
Columbine Aquilegia canadensis Spring Partial shade Moist; well drained 12 to 24 3 to 8 Red and yellow Seeds
Coneflower, Purple Echinacea purpurea Summer Sun to partial shade Well drained; drought tolerant 24 to 36 3 to 8 Rose pink or white with gold centers Division in spring; root cuttings
Coral bells Heuchera sanguinea Late spring Partial shade Well drained; high organic matter 12 to 18 3 to 8 Deep pink, red Division
Coreopsis, Lanceleaf Coreopsis lanceolata Late spring Sun to partial shade Well drained to dry 12 to 24 3 to 8 Gold, yellow Seeds; division in spring or fall
Coreopsis, Threadleaf Coreopsis verticillata Summer Sun to partial shade Well drained; dry 9 to 18 3 to 9 Yellow, gold Division in spring or fall; seeds
Daisy, English Bellis perennis Spring Sun to partial shade Cool; moist; fertile 3 to 6 4 to 10 Pink, red, white Seeds; division in spring
Daisy, Shasta Leucanthemun x superbum Spring, summer Sun Well drained 12 to 36 4 to 9 White, yellow centers Division in fall
Evening primrose Oenothera speciosa Summer Sun Well drained; infertile 12 to 24 5 to 8 Pink, white Seeds; division
Flax, Perennial Linum perenne Spring, summer Sun to partial shade Well drained 12 to 18 4 to 9 Blue, white Seed; cuttings in summer
Foamflower Tiarella cordifolia Spring Partial shade to shade Moist; cool 6 to 12 3 to 8 White Division in spring; seeds sown spring
Foxglove Digitalis purpurea Late spring Partial shade Moist; well drained 24 to 60 4 to 9 Purple, white Seeds sown in late summer
Foxtail lily Eremurus spp. Summer Sun Rich, well drained 24 to 60 5 to 8 Bronze, pink, white, yellow Division in fall every 3 to 4 years
Gas plant Dictamnus albus Early summer Sun Well drained 36 to 48 3 to 8 White Seeds
Gaura, White Gaura lindheimeri Summer to fall Sun to partial shade Rich; well drained 24 to 48 5 to 9 White fading to light pink Seeds; division seldom necessary
Geranium, Cranesbill Geranium sanguineum Spring, summer Sun to partial shade Moist; drought tolerant 9 to 12 3 to 8 Magenta Division in spring or fall; cuttings; seeds
Gerbera daisy Gerbera jamesonii Early summer to frost Sun Well drained 12 to 18 8 Peach, pink, red, yellow Seeds; division in spring
Geum Geum spp. Late spring to early summer Partial shade Well drained 9 to 18 5 to 7 Orange, scarlet, yellow Annual division in late summer; seeds
Globe thistle Echinops ritro Summer Sun to partial shade Well drained 24 to 48 3 to 8 Deep blue Division or root cuttings in spring
Goat's beard Aruncus dioicus Late spring Partial shade Moist; rich 48 to 60 3 to 7 Creamy white Seeds; division in spring
Goldenrod Solidago spp., S. hybrids Late summer to fall Sun Well drained; high organic matter 18 to 72 2 to 8 Gold, yellow Division in spring; cuttings of cultivars
Green and gold Chrysogonum virginianum Spring, sporadically in summer Partial shade to shade Moist; well drained 6 to 9 5 to 9 Gold Division in spring
Heliopsis Heliopsis helianthoides Summer Sun Well drained 48 to 60 3 to 9 Orange, yellow Division; seeds
Hibiscus, Red Hibiscus coccineus Mid to late summer Sun Moist; tolerates poor drainage 6 to 8 5 to 9 Deep red Division; seeds
Hollyhocks Alcea rosea Spring to fall Sun Well drained 24 to 60 5 to 9 Apricot,pink, purple, white yellow Seeds sown during winter
Hosta Hosta spp. Summer Partial shade Rich; well drained; high in organic matter 18 to 24 3 to 8 Lilac, white Division early in spring as leaves emerge
Hyacinth bletilla Bletilla striata Spring Partial shade Moist; rich 8 to 12 5 to 9 Deep rose, white Division in fall
Ice plant Delosperma cooperi Summer Sun Dry; sandy or rocky 3 to 6 6 to 9 Purplish pink Seeds
Iris Iris cristata Spring Partial shade Well drained 6 3 to 9 Lilac Division in fall; seeds
Iris, Japanese roof Iris tectorum Summer Sun to partial shade Acidic; moist; high in organic matter 12 to 18 4 to 9 Lilac Division in spring or fall
Jacob's ladder Polemonium Late spring to early summer Sun to partial shade Well drained 18 to 36 3 to 7 Blue, white Seeds; cuttings; division in late summer
Knotweed Polygonum spp. Late summer to early fall Sun Moist 6 to 24 4 to 7 Pink, rose red, white Division spring or fall
Lamb's-ears Stachys byzantina Early summer Sun Well drained 12 to 15 4 to 8 Purplish pink Division in early spring; seeds
Lantana Lantana camara Summer to fall Sun Well drained; tolerates drought 6 to 12 8 to 10 Orange, pink, yellow Cuttings
Larkspur Delphinium spp. Spring Sun Well drained 12 to 24 5 to 9 Blue Seeds
Lavender Lavandula angustifolia Summer Sun Well drained; alkaline 24 to 36 5 to 9 Lavender Stem cuttings in summer; seeds; division
Leadwort Ceratostigma plumbaginoides Late summer Sun to partial shade Well drained 8 to 12 5 to 9 Blue Cuttings; spring division; seeds
Lenten rose Helleborus orientalis Early spring Partial shade to shade Rich; moist; well drained 12 to 18 4 to 9 Rose, white Division in spring; seeds
Leopard's bane Doronicum spp. Spring Partial shade Cool; moist soil 12 to 24 4 to 7 Yellow Seeds; division in spring
Ligularia Ligularia stenocephala Summer Partial shade Moist; high in organic matter 48 to 60 5 to 7 Yellow Division
Loosestrife, Gooseneck Lysimachia clethroides Summer Sun to partial shade Moist; well drained 24 to 36 3 to 8 White Division; seeds
Loosestrife, Purple Lythrum salicaria Summer Sun Moist to wet 36 to 60 3 to 9 Purplish pink Cuttings and division of cultivars; seeds
Loosestrife, Yellow Lysimachia punctata Summer Sun Moist 18 to 30 4 to 8 Yellow Cuttings; seeds
Lungwort Pulmonaria saccharata Spring Partial shade to shade Cool; moist, high in organic matter 9 to 18 3 to 8 Pink turning blue, white Division in fall; seeds sown early spring
Maltese cross Lychnis chalcedonica Late spring to early summer Sun to partial shade Moist; well drained; fertile 18 to 24 6 to 8 Scarlet Division spring or fall; seeds
Monkshood Aconitum spp. Mid to late summer Sun to partial shade Moist; well drained 36 to 48 3 to 7 Blue to violet Division in fall
Mullein Verbascum spp. Late spring Sun to partial shade Well drained 24 to 48 6 to 8 Rose pink, purple, white, yellow Root cuttings in late winter; seeds
Obedient plant Physostegia virginiana Late summer to early fall Sun to partial shade Well drained; moderately fertile 36 to 48 2 to 9 Pink Division in spring; seeds
Pearly everlasting Anaphilis spp. Late summer Sun Well drained 12 3 to 8 Grayish white Seeds; division in fall or spring
Phlox, Garden Phlox paniculata Summer Sun to partial shade Moist; well drained 24 to 36 4 to 8 Blue, magenta, pink, white Division in fall
Phlox, Creeping Phlox subulata Spring Sun Well drained 6 to 9 2 to 9 Blue, pink, red, rose, violet, white Division after flowering; cuttings
Pincushion flower Scabiosa caucasica Early summer Sun to partial shade Well drained; near neutral in pH 18 to 24 3 to 7 Blue, deep blue, lavender,white Seeds sown in spring or summer
Pinks Dianthus spp. Late spring to early summer Sun Well drained; alkaline 6 to 24 4 to 9 Pink, rose, white Seeds; cuttings; division in spring
Poppy Papaver spp. Spring to early summer Sun to partial shade Well drained 18 to 24 2 to 7 Orange, pink, white, yellow Seed; root cuttings
Primrose Primula x polyantha Spring Partial shade Cool; moist; high organic matter 6 to 12 3 to 8 Blue, red, violet, yellow Division in spring; seeds
Primrose, Cowslip Primula veris Spring Partial shade Moist; well drained; acidic 12 5 to 8 Yellow Division in spring; seeds
Pyrethrum Pyrethrum roseum = C. coccineum Early summer Sun to partial shade Well drained 12 to 24 3 to 7 Pink, red with yellow center, white Division early spring or fall; seeds
Red hot poker Kniphofia uvaria Summer Sun Well drained 36 to 60 5 to 9 Red, yellow Division in spring, seeds
Red valerian Centranthus ruber Spring Sun Well drained; alkaline 36 5 to 8 Pink, red,white Seeds, division in fall or spring
Rose campion Lychnis coronaria Spring Sun to partial shade Well drained 24 to 36 4 to 8 Magenta, red, white Seeds
Rose mallow Hibiscus moscheutos Summer to frost Sun to partial shade Moist; high in organic matter 18 to 24 4 to 9 Pink, red, white Seeds; division in spring or fall
Sage, Hybrid Salvia x superba Summer Sun Moist; well drained 24 to 36 3 to 10 Violet blue Stem cuttings; division
Sage, Mealy-cup Salvia farinacea Summer Sun Well drained; moist 24 to 36 8b to 10 Blue, white Softwood cuttings in summer; seeds; division not advised
Sage, Sky-blue Salvia uliginosa Summer Sun Moist; boggy to well drained 48 to 60 6 to 10 Sky blue Division of offshoots, cuttings
Sage, Russian Perovskia atriplicifolia Mid to late summer Sun Well drained 36 to 60 3 to 9 Light blue Tip cuttings in summer; seed
Sage, Velvet Salvia leucantha Summer, fall Sun Well drained 36 7b to 10 Magenta and white Softwood cuttings in summer
Sea holly Eryngium spp. Summer Sun Dry; sandy 24 to 36 2 to 8 Blue Separate plantlets from base of mother plant
Sea lavender Limonium latifolium Summer Sun Well drained; slightly acidic 36 3 to 9 Blue Seeds in late fall
Sea thrift Armeria maritima Spring, summer Sun Sandy; well drained 6 to 12 4 to 8 Pink Seeds; clump division
Sneezeweed Helenium autumnale Summer to fall Sun Moist; well drained 24 to 60 3 to 8 Orange, reddish brown, yellow Division in fall
Soapwort Saponaria officinalis Summer Sun Moist; well drained 12 to 30 2 to 8 Pink, red, white Division of stolons in spring or fall; seeds; cuttings
Solomon's seal Polygonatum biflorum Late spring Partial shade to shade Cool; moist; well drained 24 to 36 3 to 9 Yellowish green maturing to cream Division of rhizome in spring, seeds
Spiderwort Tradescantia x andersoniana Late spring to summer Sun to partial shade Moist to boggy 18 to 24 3 to 9 Pink, purple, violet, white Division in spring or fall every 3 to 4 years; seeds sown spring
Spurge Euphorbia spp. Spring Partial shade Moist to dry 12 to 18 4 to 8 Yellow bracts (true flowers not showy) Division; cuttings in summer
Statice Limonium spp. Summer Sun Well drained; slightly acidic 12 to 18 4 to 9 Pink, red, white, yellow Seeds
Stokes' aster Stokesia laevis Early summer Sun to partial shade Well drained 12 to 24 5 to 9 Lavender blue Division in spring; cuttings in spring; seeds
Stonecrop Sedum spp. Summer Sun to partial shade Well drained to moist 3 to 12 3 to 8 Yellow Tip cuttings taken in spring and summer
Sundrops Oenothera fruticosa Summer Sun Well drained to dry 6 to 12 4 to 8 Yellow Division in summer; seeds
Sunflower Helianthus spp. Late summer and fall Sun to partial shade Moist; some species tolerate poor drainage 60 to 84 6 to 9 Yellow Division; cuttings; seeds
Turk's turban Malvaviscus arboreus Summer to fall Sun to partial shade Well drained 36 to 48 8 to 10 Red Cuttings; division; seeds
Verbena, Brazilian Verbena bonariensis Summer to frost Sun Well drained 36 to 48 7 to 9 Violet Root cuttings in spring; seeds
Verbena, Clump Verbena canadensis Late spring to fall Sun Well drained 8 to 18 6 to 10 Pink, purple, red, white Root cuttings in spring; seeds
Verbena, Rigid Verbena rigida Summer Sun Well drained 12 to 24 8 to 10 Violet Root cuttings in spring; seeds
Veronica Veronica spp. Late spring to early summer Sun to partial shade Well drained 12 to 24 4 to 8 Bluish, pink, violet, white Division fall or spring; cuttings in summer; seeds
Violet Viola spp. Spring Sun to partial shade Moist; well drained 4 to 8 4 to 9 Blue, violet, white Offsets; division; seed
Yarrow Achillea spp. Late spring to summer Sun to shade Well drained 24 to 36 3 to 9 Cerise red, gold, pink, white Seeds; division in spring or fall

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