CYCLAMEN MITE AND BROAD MITE*
CAUTION: This information was developed for North Carolina and may not apply to other areas.
*Phytonemus pallidus (Banks) and Polyphagotarsonemus latus (Banks),Tarsonemidae, ACARINA
mite eggs are elliptical, translucent, colorless, about 0.08 mm long, and
are each covered by 29 to 37 whitish bumps. The young mites (larvae) are
about 0.2 mm long and are whitish and have three pairs of legs. The legs
have microscopic claws and suction cups. The quiescent Stage appears as
an immobile, engorged larva.
The effects of their feeding may persist long after the mites have been eradicated. Cyclamen mites were first reported in the United States about 1900. It has since become famous as a harmful plant pest. Cyclamen mites seem to avoid light; they hide in buds and between the calyx and corolla and the stamens and ovaries of flowers. This mite also prefers high humidity. The eggs have delicate shells that can often be found collapsed among masses of unhatched eggs and mites. Deposited in moist, dark places and in small groups, the eggs require about 11 days to hatch. The mites molt only once. New larvae have wrinkled skin that stretches as they grow. They are highly active for about one week, after which they enter a quiescent stage for a few days and then molt to the adult stage. Each day the female lays two or three eggs. Eggs are relatively large in comparison to the adults.
Cyclamen mites often exist wherever old cyclamen corms are preserved in the greenhouse. If a suitable host is not present year-round, female mites may semi-hibernate in the soil until a host becomes available. Females are usually more abundant than males in the winter months, and they live longer than males.
Female broad mites lay 30 to 76 eggs on the leaf surface over an 8- to 13-day oviposition period. Unmated females lay male eggs; mated females usually lay four female eggs for every male egg. The larvae hatch in 2 or 3 days and emerge from the egg shell to feed. Larvae are slow moving and do not disperse far. In 2 or 3 days, the larvae develop into a quiescent larval stage. Quiescent female larvae become attractive to the males which pick them up and carry them to the new foliage. Males and females are very active, but the males apparently account for much of the dispersal of a broad mite population in their frenzy to carry the quiescent female larvae to new leaves. When females emerge from the quiescent stage, males immediately mate with them. Males live 5 to 9 days; females live 8 to 13 days.
|Pesticide (Trade Name)||Formulation||Remarks|
|abamectin (Avid)||0.15 EC||4 fl. oz per 100 gallons of water|
|10 % wettable powder:
7.9 % flowable:
0.4 % aerosol:
|1 to 5 teaspoons per gallon of water.
1/2 to 2 1/2 teaspoons per gallon of water.
Follow label directions.
|endosulfan (Thiodan)||24.2% emulsifiable concentrate:||2 teaspoons per gallon of water.|
|lambda-cyhalothrin (Scimitar GC)||10% water soluble packet:||2 to 4 packets per 100 gallons of water.|
|chlorfenapyr (Pylon)||2.6-5.2 fl. oz. per 100 gallons of water; for greenhouse|
|pyridaben (Sanmite)||75% wettable powder||2 to 4 ounces per 100 gallons of water; for greenhouse|
|spiromesifen (Judo)||2 to 4 ounces per 100 gallons of water GH & Nursery|
|spiromesifen (Forbid)||Outdoor landscape|
Recommendations for the use of chemicals are included in this publication as a convenience to the reader. The use of brand names and any mention or listing of commercial products or services in this publication does not imply endorsement by the North Carolina Cooperative Extension Service nor discrimination against similar products or services not mentioned. Individuals who use chemicals are responsible for ensuring that the intended use complies with current regulations and conforms to the product label. Be sure to obtain current information about usage and examine a current product label before applying any chemical. For assistance, contact an agent of the North Carolina Cooperative Extension Service in your county.
© 2001 NC Cooperative Extension Service
ENT/ort-28 February 1997 (Revised)
Web page last reviewed January, 2010 by the webperson.